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NAME

v.lrs.create - Creates Linear Reference System

KEYWORDS

vector, LRS, networking

SYNOPSIS

v.lrs.create
v.lrs.create help
v.lrs.create in_lines=name out_lines=name [err=name] points=name [llayer=integer] [player=integer] lidcol=string pidcol=string [start_mp=string] [start_off=string] [end_mp=string] [end_off=string] [rsdriver=string] [rsdatabase=string] rstable=string [thresh=float] [--overwrite] [--verbose] [--quiet]

Flags:

--overwrite
Allow output files to overwrite existing files
--verbose
Verbose module output
--quiet
Quiet module output

Parameters:

in_lines=name
Input vector map containing lines
out_lines=name
Output vector map where oriented lines are written
err=name
Output vector map of errors
points=name
Input vector map containing reference points
llayer=integer
Layer number
Line layer
Default: 1
player=integer
Layer number
Point layer
Default: 1
lidcol=string
Column containing line identifiers for lines
pidcol=string
Column containing line identifiers for points
start_mp=string
Column containing milepost position for the beginning of next segment
Default: start_mp
start_off=string
Column containing offset from milepost for the beginning of next segment
Default: start_off
end_mp=string
Column containing milepost position for the end of previous segment
Default: end_mp
end_off=string
Column containing offset from milepost for the end of previous segment
Default: end_off
rsdriver=string
Driver name for reference system table
Default: dbf
rsdatabase=string
Database name for reference system table
Default: $GISDBASE/$LOCATION_NAME/$MAPSET/dbf/
rstable=string
Name of table where the reference system will be written
New table is created by this module
thresh=float
Maximum distance of point to line allowed
Default: 1

DESCRIPTION

v.lrs.create generates a LRS (Linear Reference System) from vector line and point data.

It is highly recommended to work with polylines instead of segmented vector lines. The command v.build.polylines creates this map structure.

NOTES

The mileposts (point) vector map columns start_mp, start_off, end_mp, end_off must be of 'double precision' type. For milepost ordering, it is sufficient to enter increasing numbers into the start_mp column indicating the order along the vector line.

The lidcol and pidcol columns contain the line IDs which relate mileposts and vector line(s) to each other.

When creating a LRS with this module, any existing rstable will be replaced.

EXAMPLE

This example is written for the Spearfish dataset.

As first step, bus route data are prepared.

# break into segments for correct route selection
v.clean roads_net out=busroute_tmp tool=break

# make polyline for easier line selection by coordinate pairs
v.build.polylines busroute_tmp out=busroute_tmp2

# reverse delete: reduce route map to bus route (enter in one line)
v.edit -r busroute_tmp2 tool=delete coords=590273,4927304,\
590346,4927246,590414,4927210,590438,4927096,590468,4926966,\
590491,4926848,590566,4926798,590637,4926753,590701,4926698,\
590830,4926726,590935,4926751,590993,4926830,590972,4926949,\
590948,4927066,590922,4927182,590957,4927251 thresh=5

# vector line needs to be polyline
v.build.polylines busroute_tmp2 out=busroute_tmp3
v.category busroute_tmp3 out=busroute op=add
g.remove vect=busroute_tmp,busroute_tmp2,busroute_tmp3
The result can be visualized:
g.region vect=busroute n=n+100 s=s-100 w=w-100 e=e+100
d.mon x0
d.vect roads_net
d.vect busroute col=red width=2
The vector map 'busroute' needs have an attribute table which contain an integer column lidcol with value be '22' for this example (bus route):
v.db.addtable busroute col="lid integer"
v.db.update busroute col=lid value=22
v.db.select busroute
cat|lid
1|22
A new point map 'busstops' shall contain mileposts (bus stops) along this line (use thresh to define maximal accepted deviation from this line):
# generate points map
echo "590263|4927361
590432|4927120
590505|4926776
590660|4926687
590905|4926742
590972|4926949
591019|4927263" | v.in.ascii out=busstops

d.vect busstops icon=basic/triangle col=blue
d.vect busstops disp=cat lcol=blue
The milepost attributes table needs to be created with specific columns:
v.db.addtable busstops col="lid integer, start_mp double precision, \
            start_off double precision, end_mp double precision, \
            end_off double precision"
v.db.update busstops col=lid value=22
Since the digitizing order of v.in.ascii above reflects the bus stop order along the route, we can simply copy the category number as milepost order number in column start_mp:
v.db.update busstops col=start_mp qcol=cat
# verify table
v.db.select busstops
cat|lid|start_mp|start_off|end_mp|end_off
1|22|1|||
2|22|2|||
3|22|3|||
4|22|4|||
5|22|5|||
6|22|6|||
7|22|7|||

# visualize with start_mp to check order
d.erase
d.vect roads_net
d.vect busroute col=red width=2
d.vect busstops icon=basic/triangle col=blue
d.vect busstops disp=attr attrcol=start_mp lcol=blue
Offsets (start_off, end_off) can be later used in case the route or mileposts get modified.

As second step, the linear reference network is created:

v.lrs.create busroute points=busstops out=route_lrs err=lrs_error \
             lidcol=lid pidcol=lid rstable=route_lrs thresh=50
This creates the maps 'route_lrs' containing the LRS and 'lrs_error' containing the errors if any. The resulting LRS table and map can be shown:
# show LRS table
db.select route_lrs

d.vect route_lrs col=blue width=2

SEE ALSO

LRS tutorial,
Introducing the Linear Reference System in GRASS,

v.build.polylines, v.lrs.segment, v.lrs.where, v.lrs.label

AUTHOR

Radim Blazek, ITC-irst/MPA Solutions
Documentation update (based on above journal article and available fragments): Markus Neteler

Last changed: $Date: 2007-06-28 08:28:50 -0700 (Thu, 28 Jun 2007) $


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