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pygrass package

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Submodules

pygrass.errors module

pygrass.errors.mapinfo_must_be_set(method)[source]
pygrass.errors.must_be_open(method)[source]

pygrass.orderdict module

class pygrass.orderdict.OrderedDict(*args, **kwds)[source]

Bases: dict

Dictionary that remembers insertion order

clear() → None. Remove all items from od.[source]
copy() → a shallow copy of od[source]
classmethod fromkeys(S[, v]) → New ordered dictionary with keys from S[source]

and values equal to v (which defaults to None).

items() → list of (key, value) pairs in od[source]
iteritems()[source]

od.iteritems -> an iterator over the (key, value) items in od

iterkeys() → an iterator over the keys in od[source]
itervalues()[source]

od.itervalues -> an iterator over the values in od

keys() → list of keys in od[source]
pop(k[, d]) → v, remove specified key and return the corresponding value.[source]

If key is not found, d is returned if given, otherwise KeyError is raised.

popitem() → (k, v), return and remove a (key, value) pair.[source]

Pairs are returned in LIFO order if last is true or FIFO order if false.

setdefault(k[, d]) → od.get(k,d), also set od[k]=d if k not in od[source]
update(E, **F) → None. Update od from dict/iterable E and F.[source]

If E is a dict instance, does: for k in E: od[k] = E[k] If E has a .keys() method, does: for k in E.keys(): od[k] = E[k] Or if E is an iterable of items, does: for k, v in E: od[k] = v In either case, this is followed by: for k, v in F.items(): od[k] = v

values() → list of values in od[source]
viewitems() → a set-like object providing a view on od's items[source]
viewkeys() → a set-like object providing a view on od's keys[source]
viewvalues() → an object providing a view on od's values[source]

pygrass.utils module

pygrass.utils.coor2pixel(coord, region)[source]

Convert coordinates into a pixel row and col

>>> from grass.pygrass.gis.region import Region
>>> reg = Region()
>>> coor2pixel((reg.west, reg.north), reg)
(0.0, 0.0)
>>> coor2pixel((reg.east, reg.south), reg) == (reg.rows, reg.cols)
True
pygrass.utils.copy(existingmap, newmap, maptype, **kwargs)[source]

Copy a map

>>> copy(test_vector_name, 'mycensus', 'vector')
>>> rename('mycensus', 'mynewcensus', 'vector')
>>> remove('mynewcensus', 'vector')
pygrass.utils.create_test_stream_network_map(map_name='streams')[source]

This functions creates a vector map layer with lines that represent a stream network with two different graphs. The first graph contains a loop, the second can be used as directed graph.

This should be used in doc and unit tests to create location/mapset independent vector map layer.

param map_name: The vector map name that should be used
1(0,2) 3(2,2)
/
1 / 2
/
2(1,1)
6(0,1) || 5(2,1)
5 || / 4
||/
4(1,0) | | 6 |7(1,-1)
7(0,-1) 8(2,-1)
/
8 / 9
/
9(1, -2) | | 10 |

10(1,-3)

pygrass.utils.create_test_vector_map(map_name='test_vector')[source]

This functions creates a vector map layer with points, lines, boundaries, centroids, areas, isles and attributes for testing purposes

This should be used in doc and unit tests to create location/mapset independent vector map layer. This map includes 3 points, 3 lines, 11 boundaries and 4 centroids. The attribute table contains cat, name and value columns.

param map_name: The vector map name that should be used

P1 P2 P3

6 * * * 5 4 _______ ___ ___ L1 L2 L3

Y 3 |A1___ *| *| *| | | |
-1
-1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 14
X
pygrass.utils.findfiles(dirpath, match=None)[source]

Return a list of the files

pygrass.utils.findmaps(type, pattern=None, mapset='', location='', gisdbase='')[source]

Return a list of tuple contining the names of the:

  • map
  • mapset,
  • location,
  • gisdbase
pygrass.utils.get_lib_path(modname, libname=None)[source]

Return the path of the libname contained in the module.

Deprecated since version 7.1: Use grass.script.utils.get_lib_path() instead.

pygrass.utils.get_mapset_raster(mapname, mapset='')[source]

Return the mapset of the raster map

>>> get_mapset_raster(test_raster_name) == getenv("MAPSET")
True
pygrass.utils.get_mapset_vector(mapname, mapset='')[source]

Return the mapset of the vector map

>>> get_mapset_vector(test_vector_name) == getenv("MAPSET")
True
pygrass.utils.get_raster_for_points(poi_vector, raster, column=None, region=None)[source]

Query a raster map for each point feature of a vector

Example

>>> from grass.pygrass.raster import RasterRow
>>> from grass.pygrass.gis.region import Region
>>> from grass.pygrass.vector import VectorTopo
>>> from grass.pygrass.vector.geometry import Point

Create a vector map

>>> cols = [(u'cat', 'INTEGER PRIMARY KEY'),
...         (u'value', 'double precision')]
>>> vect = VectorTopo("test_vect_2")
>>> vect.open("w",tab_name="test_vect_2",
...           tab_cols=cols)
>>> vect.write(Point(10, 6), cat=1, attrs=[10, ])
>>> vect.write(Point(12, 6), cat=2, attrs=[12, ])
>>> vect.write(Point(14, 6), cat=3, attrs=[14, ])
>>> vect.table.conn.commit()
>>> vect.close()

Setup the raster sampling

>>> region = Region()
>>> region.from_rast(test_raster_name)
>>> region.set_raster_region()
>>> ele = RasterRow(test_raster_name)

Sample the raster layer at the given points, return a list of values

>>> l = get_raster_for_points(vect, ele, region=region)
>>> l[0]                                        
(1, 10.0, 6.0, 1)
>>> l[1]                                        
(2, 12.0, 6.0, 1)

Add a new column and sample again

>>> vect.open("r")
>>> vect.table.columns.add(test_raster_name,'double precision')
>>> vect.table.conn.commit()
>>> test_raster_name in vect.table.columns
True
>>> get_raster_for_points(vect, ele, column=test_raster_name, region=region)
True
>>> vect.table.filters.select('value', test_raster_name)
Filters(u'SELECT value, Utils_test_raster FROM test_vect_2;')
>>> cur = vect.table.execute()
>>> r = cur.fetchall()
>>> r[0]                                        
(10.0, 1.0)
>>> r[1]                                        
(12.0, 1.0)
>>> remove('test_vect_2','vect')
Parameters:
  • poi_vector – A VectorTopo object that contains points
  • raster – raster object
  • column (str) – column name to update in the attrinute table, if set to None a list of sampled values will be returned
  • region – The region to work with, if not set the current computational region will be used
Returns:

True in case of success and a specified column for update, if column name for update was not set a list of (id, x, y, value) is returned

pygrass.utils.getenv(env)[source]

Return the current grass environment variables

>>> from grass.script.core import gisenv
>>> getenv("MAPSET") == gisenv()["MAPSET"]
True
pygrass.utils.is_clean_name(name)[source]

Return if the name is valid

>>> is_clean_name('census')
True
>>> is_clean_name('0census')
True
>>> is_clean_name('census?')
True
>>> is_clean_name('cénsus')
False
pygrass.utils.looking(obj, filter_string)[source]
>>> import grass.lib.vector as libvect
>>> sorted(looking(libvect, '*by_box*'))  
['Vect_select_areas_by_box', 'Vect_select_isles_by_box',
 'Vect_select_lines_by_box', 'Vect_select_nodes_by_box']
pygrass.utils.pixel2coor(pixel, region)[source]

Convert row and col of a pixel into a coordinates

>>> from grass.pygrass.gis.region import Region
>>> reg = Region()
>>> pixel2coor((0, 0), reg) == (reg.north, reg.west)
True
>>> pixel2coor((reg.cols, reg.rows), reg) == (reg.south, reg.east)
True
pygrass.utils.r_export(rast, output='', fmt='png', **kargs)[source]
pygrass.utils.remove(oldname, maptype)[source]

Remove a map

pygrass.utils.rename(oldname, newname, maptype, **kwargs)[source]

Rename a map

pygrass.utils.set_path(modulename, dirname=None, path='.')[source]

Set sys.path looking in the the local directory GRASS directories.

Parameters:
  • modulename – string with the name of the GRASS module
  • dirname – string with the directory name containing the python libraries, default None
  • path – string with the path to reach the dirname locally.

Deprecated since version 7.1: Use grass.script.utils.set_path() instead.

pygrass.utils.split_in_chunk(iterable, length=10)[source]

Split a list in chunk.

>>> for chunk in split_in_chunk(range(25)): print chunk
(0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9)
(10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19)
(20, 21, 22, 23, 24)
>>> for chunk in split_in_chunk(range(25), 3): print chunk
(0, 1, 2)
(3, 4, 5)
(6, 7, 8)
(9, 10, 11)
(12, 13, 14)
(15, 16, 17)
(18, 19, 20)
(21, 22, 23)
(24,)
pygrass.utils.table_exist(cursor, table_name)[source]

Return True if the table exist False otherwise

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© 2003-2017 GRASS Development Team, GRASS GIS 7.5.svn Reference Manual