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pygrass.messages package

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@package grass.pygrass.messages

@brief PyGRASS message interface

Fast and exit-safe interface to GRASS C-library message functions

(C) 2013 by the GRASS Development Team This program is free software under the GNU General Public License (>=v2). Read the file COPYING that comes with GRASS for details.

@author Soeren Gebbert

class pygrass.messages.Messenger(raise_on_error=False)[source]

Bases: object

Fast and exit-safe interface to GRASS C-library message functions

This class implements a fast and exit-safe interface to the GRASS C-library message functions like: G_message(), G_warning(), G_important_message(), G_verbose_message(), G_percent() and G_debug().

Note:

The C-library message functions a called via ctypes in a subprocess using a pipe (multiprocessing.Pipe) to transfer the text messages. Hence, the process that uses the Messenger interface will not be exited, if a G_fatal_error() was invoked in the subprocess. In this case the Messenger object will simply start a new subprocess and restarts the pipeline.

Usage:

>>> msgr = Messenger()
>>> msgr.debug(0, "debug 0")
>>> msgr.verbose("verbose message")
>>> msgr.message("message")
>>> msgr.important("important message")
>>> msgr.percent(1, 1, 1)
>>> msgr.warning("Ohh")
>>> msgr.error("Ohh no")
>>> msgr = Messenger()
>>> msgr.fatal("Ohh no no no!")
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "__init__.py", line 239, in fatal
    sys.exit(1)
SystemExit: 1
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "__init__.py", line 239, in fatal
    sys.exit(1)
SystemExit: 1
>>> msgr = Messenger(raise_on_error=True)
>>> msgr.fatal("Ohh no no no!")
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "__init__.py", line 241, in fatal
    raise FatalError(message)
FatalError: Ohh no no no!
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "__init__.py", line 241, in fatal
    raise FatalError(message)
FatalError: Ohh no no no!
>>> msgr = Messenger(raise_on_error=True)
>>> msgr.set_raise_on_error(False)
>>> msgr.fatal("Ohh no no no!")
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "__init__.py", line 239, in fatal
    sys.exit(1)
SystemExit: 1
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "__init__.py", line 239, in fatal
    sys.exit(1)
SystemExit: 1
>>> msgr = Messenger(raise_on_error=False)
>>> msgr.set_raise_on_error(True)
>>> msgr.fatal("Ohh no no no!")
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "__init__.py", line 241, in fatal
    raise FatalError(message)
FatalError: Ohh no no no!
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "__init__.py", line 241, in fatal
    raise FatalError(message)
FatalError: Ohh no no no!
debug(level, message)[source]

Send a debug message to stderr

Parameters:message – the text of message
error(message)[source]

Send an error message to stderr

Parameters:message – the text of message
fatal(message)[source]

Send an error message to stderr, call sys.exit(1) or raise FatalError

Parameters:message – the text of message
get_raise_on_error()[source]

Get the fatal error behavior

Returns:True if a FatalError exception will be raised or False if sys.exit(1) will be called in case of invoking fatal()
important(message)[source]

Send an important message to stderr

Parameters:message – the text of message
message(message)[source]

Send a message to stderr

Parameters:message – the text of message
percent(n, d, s)[source]

Send a percentage to stderr

Parameters:message – the text of message
set_raise_on_error(raise_on_error=True)[source]

Set the fatal error behavior

Parameters:raise_on_error (bool) – if True a FatalError exception will be raised instead of calling sys.exit(1)
  • If raise_on_error == True, a FatalError exception will be raised if fatal() is called
  • If raise_on_error == False, sys.exit(1) will be invoked if fatal() is called
start_server()[source]

Start the messenger server and open the pipe

stop()[source]

Stop the messenger server and close the pipe

test_fatal_error(message)[source]

Force the messenger server to call G_fatal_error()

verbose(message)[source]

Send a verbose message to stderr

Parameters:message – the text of message
warning(message)[source]

Send a warning message to stderr

Parameters:message – the text of message
pygrass.messages.get_msgr(_instance=[None], *args, **kwargs)[source]

Return a Messenger instance.

returns:the Messenger instance.
>>> msgr0 = get_msgr()
>>> msgr1 = get_msgr()
>>> msgr2 = Messenger()
>>> msgr0 is msgr1
True
>>> msgr0 is msgr2
False
pygrass.messages.message_server(lock, conn)[source]

The GRASS message server function designed to be a target for multiprocessing.Process

Parameters:
  • lock – A multiprocessing.Lock
  • conn – A multiprocessing.Pipe

This function will use the G_* message C-functions from grass.lib.gis to provide an interface to the GRASS C-library messaging system.

The data that is send through the pipe must provide an identifier string to specify which C-function should be called.

The following identifiers are supported:

  • “INFO” Prints an info message, see G_message() for details

  • “IMPORTANT” Prints an important info message,

    see G_important_message() for details

  • “VERBOSE” Prints a verbose message if the verbosity level is

    set accordingly, see G_verbose_message() for details

  • “WARNING” Prints a warning message, see G_warning() for details

  • “ERROR” Prints a message with a leading “ERROR: ” string,

    see G_important_message() for details

  • “PERCENT” Prints a percent value based on three integer values: n, d and s

    see G_percent() for details

  • “STOP” Stops the server function and closes the pipe

  • “FATAL” Calls G_fatal_error(), this functions is only for

    testing purpose

The that is end through the pipe must be a list of values:

  • Messages: [“INFO|VERBOSE|WARNING|ERROR|FATAL”, “MESSAGE”]
  • Debug: [“DEBUG”, level, “MESSAGE”]
  • Percent: [“PERCENT”, n, d, s]

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