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pygrass.modules.interface package

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pygrass.modules.interface.docstring module

class pygrass.modules.interface.docstring.DocstringProperty(class_doc, fget)[source]

Bases: object

Property for the __doc__ attribute.

Different than property in the following two ways:

  • When the attribute is accessed from the main class, it returns the value of class_doc, not the property itself. This is necessary so Sphinx and other documentation tools can access the class docstring.
  • Only supports getting the attribute; setting and deleting raise an AttributeError.
pygrass.modules.interface.docstring.docstring_property(class_doc)[source]

Property attribute for docstrings. Took from: https://gist.github.com/bfroehle/4041015

>>> class A(object):
...     '''Main docstring'''
...     def __init__(self, x):
...         self.x = x
...     @docstring_property(__doc__)
...     def __doc__(self):
...         return "My value of x is %s." % self.x
>>> A.__doc__
'Main docstring'
>>> a = A(10)
>>> a.__doc__
'My value of x is 10.'

pygrass.modules.interface.env module

Created on Thu May 28 17:41:32 2015

@author: pietro

pygrass.modules.interface.env.G_debug(level, *msg)[source]

Print or write a debug message, this is a pure python implementation of the G_debug function in the C API.

pygrass.modules.interface.env.get_debug_level()[source]

Return the debug level

pygrass.modules.interface.env.get_env()[source]

Parse the GISRC file and return the GRASS variales

pygrass.modules.interface.flag module

class pygrass.modules.interface.flag.Flag(xflag=None, diz=None)[source]

Bases: object

The Flag object store all information about a flag of module.

It is possible to set flags of command using this object.

>>> flag = Flag(diz=dict(name='a', description='Flag description',
...                      default=True))
>>> flag.name
u'a'
>>> flag.special
False
>>> flag.description
u'Flag description'
>>> flag = Flag(diz=dict(name='overwrite'))
>>> flag.name
u'overwrite'
>>> flag.special
True
get_bash()[source]

Return the BASH representation of a flag.

>>> flag = Flag(diz=dict(name='a', description='Flag description',
...                      default=True))
>>> flag.get_bash()
u''
>>> flag.value = True
>>> flag.get_bash()
u'-a'
>>> flag = Flag(diz=dict(name='overwrite'))
>>> flag.get_bash()
u''
>>> flag.value = True
>>> flag.get_bash()
u'--o'
get_python()[source]

Return the python representation of a flag.

>>> flag = Flag(diz=dict(name='a', description='Flag description',
...                      default=True))
>>> flag.get_python()
u''
>>> flag.value = True
>>> flag.get_python()
u'a'
>>> flag = Flag(diz=dict(name='overwrite'))
>>> flag.get_python()
u''
>>> flag.value = True
>>> flag.get_python()
u'overwrite=True'

pygrass.modules.interface.module module

class pygrass.modules.interface.module.Module(cmd, *args, **kargs)[source]

Bases: object

This class is design to wrap/run/interact with the GRASS modules.

The class during the init phase read the XML description generate using the --interface-description in order to understand which parameters are required which optionals.

>>> from grass.pygrass.modules import Module
>>> from subprocess import PIPE
>>> import copy
>>> region = Module("g.region")
>>> region.flags.p = True  # set flags
>>> region.flags.u = True
>>> region.flags["3"].value = True  # set numeric flags
>>> region.get_bash()
u'g.region -p -3 -u'
>>> new_region = copy.deepcopy(region)
>>> new_region.inputs.res = "10"
>>> new_region.get_bash()
u'g.region res=10 -p -3 -u'
>>> neighbors = Module("r.neighbors")
>>> neighbors.inputs.input = "mapA"
>>> neighbors.outputs.output = "mapB"
>>> neighbors.inputs.size = 5
>>> neighbors.inputs.quantile = 0.5
>>> neighbors.get_bash()
u'r.neighbors input=mapA method=average size=5 quantile=0.5 output=mapB'
>>> new_neighbors1 = copy.deepcopy(neighbors)
>>> new_neighbors1.inputs.input = "mapD"
>>> new_neighbors1.inputs.size = 3
>>> new_neighbors1.inputs.quantile = 0.5
>>> new_neighbors1.get_bash()
u'r.neighbors input=mapD method=average size=3 quantile=0.5 output=mapB'
>>> new_neighbors2 = copy.deepcopy(neighbors)
>>> new_neighbors2(input="mapD", size=3, run_=False)
Module('r.neighbors')
>>> new_neighbors2.get_bash()
u'r.neighbors input=mapD method=average size=3 quantile=0.5 output=mapB'
>>> neighbors = Module("r.neighbors")
>>> neighbors.get_bash()
u'r.neighbors method=average size=3'
>>> new_neighbors3 = copy.deepcopy(neighbors)
>>> new_neighbors3(input="mapA", size=3, output="mapB", run_=False)
Module('r.neighbors')
>>> new_neighbors3.get_bash()
u'r.neighbors input=mapA method=average size=3 output=mapB'
>>> mapcalc = Module("r.mapcalc", expression="test_a = 1",
...                  overwrite=True, run_=False)
>>> mapcalc.run()
Module('r.mapcalc')
>>> mapcalc.popen.returncode
0
>>> mapcalc = Module("r.mapcalc", expression="test_a = 1",
...                  overwrite=True, run_=False, finish_=False)
>>> mapcalc.run()
Module('r.mapcalc')
>>> p = mapcalc.wait()
>>> p.popen.returncode
0
>>> mapcalc.run()
Module('r.mapcalc')
>>> p = mapcalc.wait()
>>> p.popen.returncode
0
>>> colors = Module("r.colors", map="test_a", rules="-",
...                 run_=False, stdout_=PIPE,
...                 stderr_=PIPE, stdin_="1 red")
>>> colors.run()
Module('r.colors')
>>> p = mapcalc.wait()
>>> p.popen.returncode
0
>>> colors.inputs["stdin"].value
u'1 red'
>>> colors.outputs["stdout"].value
u''
>>> colors.outputs["stderr"].value.strip()
"Color table for raster map <test_a> set to 'rules'"
>>> colors = Module("r.colors", map="test_a", rules="-",
...                 run_=False, finish_=False, stdin_=PIPE)
>>> colors.run()
Module('r.colors')
>>> stdout, stderr = colors.popen.communicate(input="1 red")
>>> colors.popen.returncode
0
>>> stdout
>>> stderr
>>> colors = Module("r.colors", map="test_a", rules="-",
...                 run_=False, finish_=False,
...                 stdin_=PIPE, stderr_=PIPE)
>>> colors.run()
Module('r.colors')
>>> stdout, stderr = colors.popen.communicate(input="1 red")
>>> colors.popen.returncode
0
>>> stdout
>>> stderr.strip()
"Color table for raster map <test_a> set to 'rules'"

Run a second time

>>> colors.run()
Module('r.colors')
>>> stdout, stderr = colors.popen.communicate(input="1 blue")
>>> colors.popen.returncode
0
>>> stdout
>>> stderr.strip()
"Color table for raster map <test_a> set to 'rules'"

Multiple run test

>>> colors = Module("r.colors", map="test_a",
...                                            color="ryb", run_=False)
>>> colors.get_bash()
u'r.colors map=test_a color=ryb'
>>> colors.run()
Module('r.colors')
>>> colors(color="gyr")
Module('r.colors')
>>> colors.run()
Module('r.colors')
>>> colors(color="ryg")
Module('r.colors')
>>> colors(stderr_=PIPE)
Module('r.colors')
>>> colors.run()
Module('r.colors')
>>> print(colors.outputs["stderr"].value.strip())
Color table for raster map <test_a> set to 'ryg'
>>> colors(color="byg")
Module('r.colors')
>>> colors(stdout_=PIPE)
Module('r.colors')
>>> colors.run()
Module('r.colors')
>>> print(colors.outputs["stderr"].value.strip())
Color table for raster map <test_a> set to 'byg'

Often in the Module class you can find *args and kwargs annotation in methods, like in the __call__ method. Python allow developers to not specify all the arguments and keyword arguments of a method or function.

def f(*args):
    for arg in args:
        print arg

therefore if we call the function like:

>>> f('grass', 'gis', 'modules')                     
grass
gis
modules

or we can define a new list:

>>> words = ['grass', 'gis', 'modules']              
>>> f(*words)                                        
grass
gis
modules

we can do the same with keyword arguments, rewrite the above function:

def f(*args, **kargs):
    for arg in args:
        print arg
    for key, value in kargs.items():
        print "%s = %r" % (key, value)

now we can use the new function, with:

>>> f('grass', 'gis', 'modules', os = 'linux', language = 'python')
...                                                  
grass
gis
modules
os = 'linux'
language = 'python'

or, as before we can, define a dictionary and give the dictionary to the function, like:

>>> keywords = {'os' : 'linux', 'language' : 'python'}  
>>> f(*words, **keywords)                            
grass
gis
modules
os = 'linux'
language = 'python'

In the Module class we heavily use this language feature to pass arguments and keyword arguments to the grass module.

check()[source]

Check the correctness of the provide parameters

get_bash()[source]

Return a BASH representation of the Module.

get_dict()[source]

Return a dictionary that includes the name, all valid inputs, outputs and flags

get_python()[source]

Return a Python representation of the Module.

make_cmd()[source]

Create the command string that can be executed in a shell

Returns:the command string
run()[source]

Run the module This function will wait for the process to terminate in case finish_==True and sets up stdout and stderr. If finish_==False this function will return after starting the process. Use wait() to wait for the started process

Returns:A reference to this object
wait()[source]

Wait for the module to finish. Call this method if the run() call was performed with self.false_ = False.

Returns:A reference to this object
class pygrass.modules.interface.module.MultiModule(module_list, sync=True, set_temp_region=False)[source]

Bases: object

This class is designed to run a list of modules in serial in the provided order within a temporary region environment.

Module can be run in serial synchronously or asynchronously.

  • Synchronously: When calling run() all modules will run in serial order

    until they are finished, The run() method will return until all modules finished. The modules objects can be accessed by calling get_modules() to check their return values.

  • Asynchronously: When calling run() all modules will run in serial order in a background process.

    Method run() will return after starting the modules without waiting for them to finish. The user must call the wait() method to wait for the modules to finish. Asynchronously called module can be optionally run in a temporary region environment, hence invokeing g.region will not alter the current region or the region of other MultiModule runs.

    Note:

    Modules run in asynchronous mode can only be accessed via the wait() method. The wait() method will return all finished module objects as list.

Objects of this class can be passed to the ParallelModuleQueue to run serial stacks of modules in parallel. This is meaningful if region settings must be applied to each parallel module run.

>>> from grass.pygrass.modules import Module
>>> from grass.pygrass.modules import MultiModule
>>> from multiprocessing import Process
>>> import copy

Synchronous module run

>>> region_1 = Module("g.region", run_=False)
>>> region_1.flags.p = True
>>> region_2 = copy.deepcopy(region_1)
>>> region_2.flags.p = True
>>> mm = MultiModule(module_list=[region_1, region_2])
>>> mm.run()
>>> m_list = mm.get_modules()
>>> m_list[0].popen.returncode
0
>>> m_list[1].popen.returncode
0

Asynchronous module run, setting finish = False

>>> region_1 = Module("g.region", run_=False)
>>> region_1.flags.p = True
>>> region_2 = copy.deepcopy(region_1)
>>> region_2.flags.p = True
>>> region_3 = copy.deepcopy(region_1)
>>> region_3.flags.p = True
>>> region_4 = copy.deepcopy(region_1)
>>> region_4.flags.p = True
>>> region_5 = copy.deepcopy(region_1)
>>> region_5.flags.p = True
>>> mm = MultiModule(module_list=[region_1, region_2, region_3, region_4, region_5],
...                  sync=False)
>>> t = mm.run()
>>> isinstance(t, Process)
True
>>> m_list = mm.wait()
>>> m_list[0].popen.returncode
0
>>> m_list[1].popen.returncode
0
>>> m_list[2].popen.returncode
0
>>> m_list[3].popen.returncode
0
>>> m_list[4].popen.returncode
0

Asynchronous module run, setting finish = False and using temporary region

>>> mm = MultiModule(module_list=[region_1, region_2, region_3, region_4, region_5],
...                  sync=False, set_temp_region=True)
>>> str(mm)
'g.region -p ; g.region -p ; g.region -p ; g.region -p ; g.region -p'
>>> t = mm.run()
>>> isinstance(t, Process)
True
>>> m_list = mm.wait()
>>> m_list[0].popen.returncode
0
>>> m_list[1].popen.returncode
0
>>> m_list[2].popen.returncode
0
>>> m_list[3].popen.returncode
0
>>> m_list[4].popen.returncode
0
get_modules()[source]

Return the list of modules that have been run in synchronous mode

Note: Asynchronously run module can only be accessed via the wait() method.

Returns:The list of modules
run()[source]

Start the modules in the list. If self.finished_ is set True this method will return after all processes finished.

If self.finish_ is set False, this method will return after the process list was started for execution. In a background process, the processes in the list will be run one after the another.

Returns:None in case of self.finish_ is True, otherwise a multiprocessing.Process object that invokes the modules
wait()[source]

Wait for all processes to finish. Call this method in asynchronous mode, hence if finished was set False.

Returns:The process list with finished processes to check their return states
class pygrass.modules.interface.module.ParallelModuleQueue(nprocs=1)[source]

Bases: object

This class is designed to run an arbitrary number of pygrass Module or MultiModule processes in parallel.

Objects of type grass.pygrass.modules.Module or grass.pygrass.modules.MultiModule can be put into the queue using put() method. When the queue is full with the maximum number of parallel processes it will wait for all processes to finish, sets the stdout and stderr of the Module object and removes it from the queue when its finished.

To finish the queue before the maximum number of parallel processes was reached call wait() .

This class will raise a GrassError in case a Module process exits with a return code other than 0.

Processes that were run asynchronously with the MultiModule class will not raise a GrassError in case of failure. This must be manually checked by accessing finished modules by calling get_finished_modules().

Usage:

Check with a queue size of 3 and 5 processes

>>> import copy
>>> from grass.pygrass.modules import Module, ParallelModuleQueue
>>> mapcalc_list = []

Setting run_ to False is important, otherwise a parallel processing is not possible

>>> mapcalc = Module("r.mapcalc", overwrite=True, run_=False)
>>> queue = ParallelModuleQueue(nprocs=3)
>>> for i in xrange(5):
...     new_mapcalc = copy.deepcopy(mapcalc)
...     mapcalc_list.append(new_mapcalc)
...     m = new_mapcalc(expression="test_pygrass_%i = %i"%(i, i))
...     queue.put(m)
>>> queue.wait()
>>> mapcalc_list = queue.get_finished_modules()
>>> queue.get_num_run_procs()
0
>>> queue.get_max_num_procs()
3
>>> for mapcalc in mapcalc_list:
...     print(mapcalc.popen.returncode)
0
0
0
0
0

Check with a queue size of 8 and 5 processes

>>> queue = ParallelModuleQueue(nprocs=8)
>>> mapcalc_list = []
>>> for i in xrange(5):
...     new_mapcalc = copy.deepcopy(mapcalc)
...     mapcalc_list.append(new_mapcalc)
...     m = new_mapcalc(expression="test_pygrass_%i = %i"%(i, i))
...     queue.put(m)
>>> queue.wait()
>>> mapcalc_list = queue.get_finished_modules()
>>> queue.get_num_run_procs()
0
>>> queue.get_max_num_procs()
8
>>> for mapcalc in mapcalc_list:
...     print(mapcalc.popen.returncode)
0
0
0
0
0

Check MultiModule approach with three by two processes running in a background process

>>> gregion = Module("g.region", flags="p", run_=False)
>>> queue = ParallelModuleQueue(nprocs=3)
>>> proc_list = []
>>> for i in xrange(3):
...     new_gregion = copy.deepcopy(gregion)
...     proc_list.append(new_gregion)
...     new_mapcalc = copy.deepcopy(mapcalc)
...     m = new_mapcalc(expression="test_pygrass_%i = %i"%(i, i))
...     proc_list.append(new_mapcalc)
...     mm = MultiModule(module_list=[new_gregion, new_mapcalc], sync=False, set_temp_region=True)
...     queue.put(mm)
>>> queue.wait()
>>> proc_list = queue.get_finished_modules()
>>> queue.get_num_run_procs()
0
>>> queue.get_max_num_procs()
3
>>> for proc in proc_list:
...     print(proc.popen.returncode)
0
0
0
0
0
0

Check with a queue size of 8 and 4 processes

>>> queue = ParallelModuleQueue(nprocs=8)
>>> mapcalc_list = []
>>> new_mapcalc = copy.deepcopy(mapcalc)
>>> mapcalc_list.append(new_mapcalc)
>>> m = new_mapcalc(expression="test_pygrass_1 =1")
>>> queue.put(m)
>>> queue.get_num_run_procs()
1
>>> new_mapcalc = copy.deepcopy(mapcalc)
>>> mapcalc_list.append(new_mapcalc)
>>> m = new_mapcalc(expression="test_pygrass_2 =2")
>>> queue.put(m)
>>> queue.get_num_run_procs()
2
>>> new_mapcalc = copy.deepcopy(mapcalc)
>>> mapcalc_list.append(new_mapcalc)
>>> m = new_mapcalc(expression="test_pygrass_3 =3")
>>> queue.put(m)
>>> queue.get_num_run_procs()
3
>>> new_mapcalc = copy.deepcopy(mapcalc)
>>> mapcalc_list.append(new_mapcalc)
>>> m = new_mapcalc(expression="test_pygrass_4 =4")
>>> queue.put(m)
>>> queue.get_num_run_procs()
4
>>> queue.wait()
>>> mapcalc_list = queue.get_finished_modules()
>>> queue.get_num_run_procs()
0
>>> queue.get_max_num_procs()
8
>>> for mapcalc in mapcalc_list:
...     print(mapcalc.popen.returncode)
0
0
0
0

Check with a queue size of 3 and 4 processes

>>> queue = ParallelModuleQueue(nprocs=3)
>>> mapcalc_list = []
>>> new_mapcalc = copy.deepcopy(mapcalc)
>>> mapcalc_list.append(new_mapcalc)
>>> m = new_mapcalc(expression="test_pygrass_1 =1")
>>> queue.put(m)
>>> queue.get_num_run_procs()
1
>>> new_mapcalc = copy.deepcopy(mapcalc)
>>> mapcalc_list.append(new_mapcalc)
>>> m = new_mapcalc(expression="test_pygrass_2 =2")
>>> queue.put(m)
>>> queue.get_num_run_procs()
2
>>> new_mapcalc = copy.deepcopy(mapcalc)
>>> mapcalc_list.append(new_mapcalc)
>>> m = new_mapcalc(expression="test_pygrass_3 =3")
>>> queue.put(m) # Now it will wait until all procs finish and set the counter back to 0
>>> queue.get_num_run_procs()
0
>>> new_mapcalc = copy.deepcopy(mapcalc)
>>> mapcalc_list.append(new_mapcalc)
>>> m = new_mapcalc(expression="test_pygrass_%i = %i"%(i, i))
>>> queue.put(m)
>>> queue.get_num_run_procs()
1
>>> queue.wait()
>>> mapcalc_list = queue.get_finished_modules()
>>> queue.get_num_run_procs()
0
>>> queue.get_max_num_procs()
3
>>> for mapcalc in mapcalc_list:
...     print(mapcalc.popen.returncode)
0
0
0
0
get(num)[source]

Get a Module object or list of Module objects from the queue

Parameters:num (int) – the number of the object in queue
Returns:the Module object or list of Module objects or None if num is not in the queue
get_finished_modules()[source]

Return all finished processes that were run by this queue

Returns:A list of Module objects
get_max_num_procs()[source]

Return the maximum number of parallel Module processes

Returns:the maximum number of parallel Module processes
get_num_run_procs()[source]

Get the number of Module processes that are in the queue running or finished

Returns:the number fo Module processes running/finished in the queue
put(module)[source]

Put the next Module or MultiModule object in the queue

To run the Module objects in parallel the run_ and finish_ options of the Module must be set to False.

Parameters:module (Module or MultiModule object) – a preconfigured Module or MultiModule object that were configured with run_ and finish_ set to False,
set_max_num_procs(nprocs)[source]

Set the maximum number of Module processes that should run in parallel

Parameters:nprocs (int) – The maximum number of Module processes that can be run in parallel
wait()[source]

Wait for all Module processes that are in the list to finish and set the modules stdout and stderr output options

Returns:A list of modules that were run
pygrass.modules.interface.module.run_modules(module_list, q)[source]

Run the modules

This function is the argument for multiprocessing.Process class in the MultiModule asynchronous execution.

Parameters:
  • module_list – The list of modules to run in serial
  • q – The process queue to put the finished process list
pygrass.modules.interface.module.run_modules_in_temp_region(module_list, q)[source]

Run the modules in a temporary region environment

This function is the argument for multiprocessing.Process class in the MultiModule asynchronous execution.

Parameters:
  • module_list – The list of modules to run in serial
  • q – The process queue to put the finished process list

pygrass.modules.interface.parameter module

Created on Tue Apr 2 18:31:47 2013

@author: pietro

class pygrass.modules.interface.parameter.Parameter(xparameter=None, diz=None)[source]

Bases: object

The Parameter object store all information about a parameter of a GRASS GIS module.

>>> param = Parameter(diz=dict(name='int_number', required='yes',
...                            multiple='no', type='integer',
...                            values=[2, 4, 6, 8]))
>>> param.value = 2
>>> param.value
2
>>> param.value = 3
Traceback (most recent call last):
   ...
ValueError: The Parameter <int_number>, must be one of the following values: [2, 4, 6, 8]
Traceback (most recent call last):
   ...
ValueError: The Parameter <int_number>, must be one of the following values: [2, 4, 6, 8]

...

get_bash()[source]

Return the BASH representation of the parameter.

>>> param = Parameter(diz=dict(name='int_number', required='yes',
...                            multiple='no', type='integer',
...                            values=[2, 4, 6, 8], default=8))
>>> param.get_bash()
u'int_number=8'
get_python()[source]

Return a string with the Python representation of the parameter.

>>> param = Parameter(diz=dict(name='int_number', required='yes',
...                            multiple='no', type='integer',
...                            values=[2, 4, 6, 8], default=8))
>>> param.get_python()
u'int_number=8'
rawvalue[source]

Parameter value as insert by user without transformation

value

Parameter value transformed and validated.

pygrass.modules.interface.read module

Created on Tue Apr 2 18:30:34 2013

@author: pietro

pygrass.modules.interface.read.do_nothing(p)[source]
pygrass.modules.interface.read.element2dict(xparameter)[source]
pygrass.modules.interface.read.get_None(p)[source]
pygrass.modules.interface.read.get_dict(p)[source]
pygrass.modules.interface.read.get_values(p)[source]
pygrass.modules.interface.read.read_keydesc(par)[source]
pygrass.modules.interface.read.read_text(p)[source]

pygrass.modules.interface.typedict module

Created on Tue Apr 2 18:37:02 2013

@author: pietro

class pygrass.modules.interface.typedict.TypeDict(dict_type, *args, **kargs)[source]

Bases: collections.OrderedDict

Created on Tue Apr 2 18:37:02 2013

@author: pietro

used()[source]

Module contents

Created on Tue Apr 2 18:40:39 2013

@author: pietro


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