GRASS GIS 7 Programmer's Manual  7.5.svn(2017)-r71942
 All Data Structures Files Functions Variables Typedefs Enumerations Enumerator Friends Macros Pages
gis/line_dist.c
Go to the documentation of this file.
1 #include <grass/gis.h>
2 /* compute square of distance of point (x,y) to line segment (x1,y1 - x2,y2) */
3 
4 #define ZERO(x) x < tolerance && x > -tolerance
5 #define TOLERANCE 1.0e-10
6 static double tolerance = TOLERANCE;
7 
9 {
10  if (t <= 0.0)
11  t = TOLERANCE;
12  tolerance = t;
13 }
14 
15 double G_distance2_point_to_line(double x, double y, /* point */
16  double x1, double y1, double x2, double y2)
17 { /* line segment */
18  double dx, dy, t;
19 
20  dx = x2 - x1;
21  dy = y2 - y1;
22 
23  if (ZERO(dx) && ZERO(dy)) { /* line is degenerate */
24  dx = x1 - x;
25  dy = y1 - y;
26  return dx * dx + dy * dy; /* compute distance x,y to x1,y1 */
27  }
28 
29  t = (dx * (x - x1) + dy * (y - y1)) / (dx * dx + dy * dy);
30 
31  if (t < 0.0) { /* go to x1,y1 */
32  dx = x - x1;
33  dy = y - y1;
34  }
35  else if (t > 1.0) { /* go to x2,y2 */
36  dx = x - x2;
37  dy = y - y2;
38  }
39  else { /* go t from x1,y1 towards x2,y2 */
40 
41  dx = x - (dx * t + x1);
42  dy = y - (dy * t + y1);
43  }
44  return dx * dx + dy * dy;
45 }
#define x
#define TOLERANCE
Definition: gis/line_dist.c:5
double t
Definition: r_raster.c:39
double G_distance2_point_to_line(double x, double y, double x1, double y1, double x2, double y2)
Definition: gis/line_dist.c:15
void G_set_distance_to_line_tolerance(double t)
Definition: gis/line_dist.c:8
#define ZERO(x)
Definition: gis/line_dist.c:4