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Note: A new GRASS GIS stable version has been released: GRASS GIS 7.4, available here.
Updated manual page: here


v.hull - Produces a 2D/3D convex hull for a given vector map.


vector, geometry, 3D


v.hull --help
v.hull [-rf] input=name [layer=string] output=name [cats=range] [where=sql_query] [--overwrite] [--help] [--verbose] [--quiet] [--ui]


Limit to current region
Create a 'flat' 2D hull even if the input is 3D points
Allow output files to overwrite existing files
Print usage summary
Verbose module output
Quiet module output
Force launching GUI dialog


input=name [required]
Name of input vector map
Or data source for direct OGR access
Layer number or name ('-1' for all layers)
A single vector map can be connected to multiple database tables. This number determines which table to use. When used with direct OGR access this is the layer name.
Default: -1
output=name [required]
Name for output vector map
Category values
Example: 1,3,7-9,13
WHERE conditions of SQL statement without 'where' keyword
Example: income < 1000 and inhab >= 10000

Table of contents


v.hull computes the convex hull of a vector map and outputs the convex hull polygon as a vector area map. The convex hull, or convex envelope, for an object or a set of objects is the minimal convex set containing the given objects. This module creates a vector polygon containing all vector points or lines of the input map.

In the case of 3D input points, the hull will be a 3D hull as well, unless the user specifies the -f flag. The 3D hull will be composed of triangular faces.

Fig: Convex hull polygon created with v.hull


Example of v.hull 3D output (using two random 3D point clouds, North Carolina sample data set):
g.region rural_1m -p
r.mapcalc "zero = 0"
v.random -z output=random3d_a n=10 zmin=0 zmax=200
v.random -z output=random3d_b n=15 zmin=400 zmax=600
v.hull input=random3d_a output=random3d_a_hull
v.hull input=random3d_b output=random3d_b_hull

d.mon wx0
d.vect random3d_a_hull
d.vect random3d_a color=red

d.vect random3d_b_hull
d.vect random3d_b color=red

# 3D view in wxGUI (g.gui)

Fig: Convex hull in 3D from 3D points created with v.hull





Andrea Aime, Modena, Italy
Markus Neteler, ITC-irst (update to 5.7)
Benjamin Ducke, CAU Kiel (3D hull support)
Martin Landa, CTU in Prague, Czech Republic (vector lines support)

Last changed: $Date: 2015-01-15 00:43:36 -0800 (Thu, 15 Jan 2015) $


Available at: v.hull source code (history)

Note: A new GRASS GIS stable version has been released: GRASS GIS 7.4, available here.
Updated manual page: here

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© 2003-2018 GRASS Development Team, GRASS GIS 7.0.7svn Reference Manual