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NAME

i.cva - Performs Change Vector Analysis (CVA) in two dimensions.

KEYWORDS

imagery

SYNOPSIS

i.cva
i.cva --help
i.cva xaraster=name xbraster=name yaraster=name ybraster=name output=basename [custom_threshold=float] [stat_threshold=float] [--overwrite] [--help] [--verbose] [--quiet] [--ui]

Flags:

--overwrite
Allow output files to overwrite existing files
--help
Print usage summary
--verbose
Verbose module output
--quiet
Quiet module output
--ui
Force launching GUI dialog

Parameters:

xaraster=name [required]
Name of the first raster for X axis
xbraster=name [required]
Name of the the second raster for X axis
yaraster=name [required]
Name of the first raster for Y axis
ybraster=name [required]
Name of the second raster for Y axis
output=basename [required]
Name for output basename raster maps (angle and magnitude)
Name for output basename raster map(s)
custom_threshold=float
Use a custom threshold
stat_threshold=float
Use a statystical parameter for the threshold (mean + N * standard deviation)

Table of contents

DESCRIPTION

i.cva calculates Change Vector Analysis (CVA) for two input variables. CVA is a remote sensing technique used for change detection analysis. As input for CVA, two maps for each date must be given: in general, on X axis an indicator of overall reflectance and on Y axis an indicator of vegetation conditions. A common choice for the indicators is Albedo and NDVI (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) or the Brightness and Greenness features features of the Tasselled Cap (TC) transform.
For each pixel of the original image, CVA gives in output a map of the angle and a map of the magnitude of the vector of the change between two dates.
Read Malila et al. for a complete explanation of the technique. This module might require a first transformation of the data to Top Of Atmosphere Reflectance (TOAR); if the TC transform are chosen as indicators, the TC transform should be then performed as well before running CVA.

Four parameters are required in input:

The following maps can be generated in output:

The change detection map is created using the classified angle map and applying a threshold to the magnitude: the change is given by the pixels that have values higher than the threshold, divided in four categories depending on the quadrant they belong to.
The threshold can be chosen manually (custom value, given by personal criteria) or using statistical criteria. In this case the mean of the magnitude values is used and the user can choose the multiples of N standard deviation to sum to the mean (threshold = mean + N * standard deviation).
One could consider of running the module at first without assigning a threshold, in order to have an idea of the range of the magnitude and to choose an appropriate custom threshold (for univariate statystical parameters run r.univar). In this case i.cva gives in output only three maps: the angle, angle classified and magnitude maps.

EXAMPLE

Calculation of CVA maps from North Carolina Landsat 7 ETM scene, between lsat5_1987 and lsat7_2002.
The Tasselled cap maps are calculated for TOAR data.
i.cva xaraster=lsat5_1987_tasscap.1 xbraster=lsat7_2002_tasscap.1 \
yaraster=lsat5_1987_tasscap.2 ybraster=lsat7_2002_tasscap.2 \
output=CVA_87_02 stat_threshold=1

Calculating DeltaX and DeltaY
Writing angle map CVA_87_02_angle
Writing magnitude map CVA_87_02_magnitude
Mean of magnitude values is: 0.091335330260002
Standard deviation of magnitude values is: 0.0671211630131731
Writing change detection map CVA_87_02_change
Threshold is 0.158456493273
Results:

 Angle map
CVA angle map 1
 Classified angle
      map
CVA classified angle map
 Magnitude map
CVA magnitude map
 
CVA change map

REFERENCES

SEE ALSO

i.albedo, i.vi, i.aster.toar, i.landsat.toar, r.univar

AUTHOR

Anna Zanchetta

Last changed: $Date: 2016-12-11 23:00:00 +0200 (Sun, 11 Dec 2016) $

SOURCE CODE

Available at: i.cva source code (history)


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