GRASS logo

NAME

r.subdayprecip.design - Computes subday design precipitation totals.

KEYWORDS

raster, hydrology, precipitation

SYNOPSIS

r.subdayprecip.design
r.subdayprecip.design --help
r.subdayprecip.design map=name return_period=name[,name,...] rainlength=integer [--help] [--verbose] [--quiet] [--ui]

Flags:

--help
Print usage summary
--verbose
Verbose module output
--quiet
Quiet module output
--ui
Force launching GUI dialog

Parameters:

map=name [required]
Vector map of location under analysis
Or data source for direct OGR access
return_period=name[,name,...] [required]
Rainfall raster maps of required return period
Options: N2, N5, N10, N20, N50, N100
rainlength=integer [required]
Design rainfall length in minutes
Options: 0-1439

Table of contents

DESCRIPTION

r.subdayprecip.design computes subday design precipitation totals based on Hradek's method of reduction of daily maximums to chosen duration.

The tool uses methods of zonal statistics to compute average values of 24 hours precipitation amounts of specified return period for a provided area or a spot. Rasters of daily maxima were derived from statistics published by Samaj et al. in 1985, which were based on precipitation series observed in 1901-1980. Calculated average value (in millimeters) is then reduced to the chosen length of design rain event.

NOTES

Subday design precipitation series are important for hydrological modelling and soil erosion problems in a small catchment scale when designing common measures for promoting water retention, landscape drainage systems, flood mitigation measures etc.

First automatization has been implemented by well-known method which is based on reduction of 24 hours design precipitation to shorter time. GIS can used for spatial supervised classification of point values of specified return periods (2, 10, 20, 50 and 100 years).

Figure: Basins (in orange) with orthophoto
on background
Figure: Return periods (2, 10, 20, 50 years)
in the area of the Czech Republic

Figure: IV.order basins colored by mean H_N2T60 value (in millimeters)

EXAMPLE

r.subdayprecip.design map=basin return_period=N2,N5,N10,N20 rainlength=60

REFERENCES

Acknowledgement

This work has been supported by the research project QJ1520265 - "Variability of Short-term Precipitation and Runoff in Small Czech Drainage Basins and its Influence on Water Resources Management".

SEE ALSO

v.rast.stats, v.what.rast

AUTHORS

Martin Landa, GeoForAll (OSGeoREL) Lab, Czech Technical University in Prague, Czech Republic
The module is inspired by Python script developed for Esri ArcGIS platform by M. Tomasu in 2013.

Last changed: $Date: 2016-12-20 15:01:28 +0100 (Tue, 20 Dec 2016) $

SOURCE CODE

Available at: r.subdayprecip.design source code (history)


Main index | Raster index | Topics index | Keywords index | Graphical index | Full index

© 2003-2017 GRASS Development Team, GRASS GIS 7.2.3svn Reference Manual