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Note: A new GRASS GIS stable version has been released: GRASS GIS 7.4, available here.
Updated manual page: here

NAME

v.db.univar - Calculates univariate statistics on selected table column for a GRASS vector map.

KEYWORDS

vector, statistics, attribute table

SYNOPSIS

v.db.univar
v.db.univar --help
v.db.univar [-eg] map=name [layer=string] column=name [where=sql_query] [percentile=float[,float,...]] [--help] [--verbose] [--quiet] [--ui]

Flags:

-e
Extended statistics (quartiles and 90th percentile)
-g
Print stats in shell script style
--help
Print usage summary
--verbose
Verbose module output
--quiet
Quiet module output
--ui
Force launching GUI dialog

Parameters:

map=name [required]
Name of vector map
Or data source for direct OGR access
layer=string
Layer number or name
Vector features can have category values in different layers. This number determines which layer to use. When used with direct OGR access this is the layer name.
Default: 1
column=name [required]
Name of attribute column on which to calculate statistics (must be numeric)
where=sql_query
WHERE conditions of SQL statement without 'where' keyword
Example: income < 1000 and inhab >= 10000
percentile=float[,float,...]
Percentile to calculate (requires extended statistics flag)
Options: 0-100
Default: 90

Table of contents

DESCRIPTION

v.db.univar calculates basic univariate statistics for numeric attributes in a vector attribute table. It will calculate minimum, maximum, range, mean, standard deviation, variance, coefficient of variation, quartiles, median, and 90th percentile.

v.db.univar uses db.univar which in turn uses db.select to get the attribute values on which it calculates the statistics. This means that statistics are calculated based on the entries in the attribute table, not based on the features in the map. One attribute value is read from each line in the attribute table, whether there are no, one or several features with the category value referenced by that line, or whether any features have more than one category value. For feature-based, instead of attribute table-based, univariate statistics on attributes see v.univar. NOTES A database connection must be defined for the selected vector layer.

EXAMPLES

Univariate statistics on attribute table column

In this example, the 30 years precipitation data table is statistically analysed (North Carolina sample dataset) and univariate statistics performed:
# show columns of attribute table connected to precipitation map
v.info -c precip_30ynormals

# univariate statistics on 30 years annual precipitation in NC
v.db.univar precip_30ynormals column=annual
 Number of values: 136
 Minimum: 947.42
 Maximum: 2329.18
 Range: 1381.76
 Mean: 1289.31147058823
 [...]

Univariate statistics on randomly sampled data points

In this example, random points are sampled from the elevation map (North Carolina sample dataset) and univariate statistics performed:
g.region raster=elevation -p
v.random output=samples n=100
v.db.addtable samples column="heights double precision"
v.what.rast samples raster=elevation column=heights
v.db.select samples

v.db.univar samples column=heights

SEE ALSO

db.univar, r.univar, v.univar, db.select, d.vect.thematic

AUTHOR

Michael Barton, Arizona State University

and authors of r.univar.sh (Markus Neteler et al.)

Last changed: $Date: 2017-06-26 07:13:36 -0700 (Mon, 26 Jun 2017) $

SOURCE CODE

Available at: v.db.univar source code (history)


Note: A new GRASS GIS stable version has been released: GRASS GIS 7.4, available here.
Updated manual page: here

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