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NAME

r.findtheriver - Find the stream pixel nearest the input coordinate

KEYWORDS

raster, hydrology

SYNOPSIS

r.findtheriver
r.findtheriver --help
r.findtheriver map=name [window=x] [threshold=x] coordinates=east,north [separator=character] [--help] [--verbose] [--quiet] [--ui]

Flags:

--help
Print usage summary
--verbose
Verbose module output
--quiet
Quiet module output
--ui
Force launching GUI dialog

Parameters:

map=name [required]
Name of input upstream accumulation area raster map
window=x
The size of the window in pixels to search in for stream pixels. Must be an odd integer. If not supplied, window will be inferred based on raster resolution.
threshold=x
The threshold for distinguishing log(UAA) values of stream and non-stream pixels. If not supplied, threshold will be inferred from minimum and maximum raster values.
coordinates=east,north [required]
Coordinates of outlet point
separator=character
Field separator
Special characters: pipe, comma, space, tab, newline
Default: space

Table of contents

DESCRIPTION

r.findtheriver finds the nearest stream pixel to a coordinate pair using an upstream accumulating area (UAA) raster map. This is necessary because the coordinates for streamflow gages are often not perfectly registered to the topography represented by a digital elevation model (DEM) map. This presents a problem when trying to derive a watershed contributing area using r.water.outlet; if the streamflow gage does not fall on the stream as represented in the DEM, r.water.outlet can fail to derive the watershed area.

The basic assumption is that the UAA for "stream" pixels will be much higher than for adjacent "non-stream" pixels. r.findtheriver attempts to "snap" the coordinates of the streamflow gage to the "true" stream location by first identifying stream pixels within a search window, and then selecting the stream pixel that is closest (cartesian distance) to the input gage coordinates. Stream pixels are identified by searching the UAA raster window for pixels that exceed a threshold. This is done by computing the log10 of the UAA value for the pixel corresponding to the gage coordinates and subtracting from it the log10 of each pixel in the window; for a given pixel if this difference is greater than the threshold, the pixel is deemed to be a stream pixel.

r.findtheriver will automatically compute the window and threshold if they are not supplied by the user. The window is determined based on a THRESHOLD_DISTANCE / cell resolution of the UAA map. The threshold is determined by subtracting the log10 of the UAA value at the input gage coordinate from the log10 of the maximum UAA value of the map, and then rounding down to the nearest integer, in other words: threshold = floor( log(maxUAA) - log(gageUAA) ).

The closest stream pixel is printed to standard output. If no stream pixels were found nothing is printed.

SEE ALSO

r.water.outlet

AUTHORS

Brian Miles
Update to GRASS 7 by Huidae Cho

Last changed: $Date: 2014-10-21 15:08:47 +0200 (Tue, 21 Oct 2014) $

SOURCE CODE

Available at: r.findtheriver source code (history)


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© 2003-2018 GRASS Development Team, GRASS GIS 7.4.2svn Reference Manual