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Note: This document is for an older version of GRASS GIS that will be discontinued soon. You should upgrade, and read the current manual page.


v.proj - Re-projects a vector map from one location to the current location.


vector, projection, transformation, import


v.proj --help
v.proj [-lzwb] location=name [mapset=name] [input=name] [dbase=path] [smax=float] [output=name] [pipeline=string] [--overwrite] [--help] [--verbose] [--quiet] [--ui]


List vector maps in input mapset and exit
Assume z coordinate is ellipsoidal height and transform if possible
3D vector maps only
Disable wrapping to -180,180 for latlon output
Latlon output only, default is -180,180
Do not build vector topology
Recommended for massive point projection
Allow output files to overwrite existing files
Print usage summary
Verbose module output
Quiet module output
Force launching GUI dialog


location=name [required]
Location containing input vector map
Location name (not location path)
Mapset containing input vector map
Default: name of current mapset
Name of input vector map to re-project
Path to GRASS database of input location
Default: path to the current GRASS GIS database
Maximum segment length in meters in output vector map
Increases accuracy of reprojected shapes, disable with smax=0
Default: 10000
Name for output vector map (default: input)
PROJ pipeline for coordinate transformation

Table of contents


v.proj allows a user to convert a vector map in a specified mapset of a specified location (different from current) with projection of input location to the vector map in a current mapset of current location with projection of current location (both projections are defined by corresponding PROJ_INFO files). The projection information is taken from the current PROJ_INFO files, as set and viewed with g.proj.

For an introduction to map projections (with PROJ),see the manual page of r.proj.


If output is not specified it is set to be the same as input map name.
If mapset is not specified, its name is assumed to be the same as the current mapset's name.
If dbase is not specified it is assumed to be the current database. The user only has to specify dbase if the source location is stored in another separate GRASS database.
If smax is set to 0 the automated vertex densification is disabled (not recommended).

v.proj supports general datum transformations, making use of the PROJ co-ordinate system translation library.

When projecting into a latlon location, east coordinates are wrapped by the proj4 library to fit into the range -180,180. This is in most cases appropriate, but can cause errors the input vector crosses the datum line at 180E/W. In this case wrapping of east coordinates to -180,180 needs to be disabled with the -w flag.

When reprojecting massive point clouds for which topology is not necessary, the user can set the -b flag to suppress the building of topology of the output map.

In order to preserve spatial detail, v.proj performs automated vertex densification (as an alternative, v.split could be used before reprojecting. Without vertex densification, depending on the source and target CRS (Coordinate Reference System), geometries can be substantially deformed (straight lines become curves, squares become trapezoids, etc). The densification of linear features can help to avoid topological errors.


Reprojection of a vector map from another location and mapset into the current mapset:
v.proj in=mymap location=latlong mapset=user1


  1. Evenden, G.I. (1990) Cartographic projection procedures for the UNIX environment - a user's manual. USGS Open-File Report 90-284 (OF90-284.pdf) See also there: Interim Report and 2nd Interim Report on Release 4, Evenden 1994).
  2. Richards, John A. (1993), Remote Sensing Digital Image Analysis, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2nd edition.
PROJ: Projection/datum support library.

Further reading


g.proj, m.proj, r.proj, i.rectify, r.stats, v.sample, v.split,,


Irina Kosinovsky, US ARMY CERL


Available at: v.proj source code (history)

Latest change: Thursday Jun 30 16:21:03 2022 in commit: 13f0cb4629d2e1f784feec6476b690c22eaa709c

Note: This document is for an older version of GRASS GIS that will be discontinued soon. You should upgrade, and read the current manual page.

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