Images can be resampled with various different interpolation methods: nearest neighbor assignment, bilinear and bicubic interpolation. The bilinear and bicubic interpolation methods are also available with a fallback option. These methods "fall back" to simpler interpolation methods along NULL borders. That is, from bicubic to bilinear to nearest.
The process may take an hour or more depending on the size of the image, the speed of the computer, the number files, and the size and resolution of the selected window.
The rectified image will be located in the target LOCATION when the program is completed. The original unrectified files are not modified or removed.
The optional angle output holds the camera angle in degrees to the local surface, considering local slope and aspect. A value of 90 degrees indicates that the camera angle was orthogonal to the local surface, a value of 0 degrees indicates that the camera angle was parallel to the local surface and negative values indicate that the surface was invisible to the camera. As a rule of thumb, values below 30 degrees indicate problem areas where the orthorectified output will appear blurred. Because terrain shadowing effects are not considered, areas with high camera angles may also appear blurred if they are located (viewed from the camera position) behind mountain ridges or peaks.
i.photo.rectify can be run directly, specifying options in the command line or the GUI, or it can be invoked as OPTION 8 through i.ortho.photo. If invoked though i.ortho.photo, an interactive terminal is used to determine the options.
You are first asked if all images within the imagery group should be rectified. If this option is not chosen, you are asked to specify for each image within the imagery group whether it should be rectified or not.
More than one file may be rectified at a time. Each file should have a unique output file name. The next prompt asks you for an extension to be appended to the rectified images.
The next prompt will ask you whether a camera angle map should be produced and if yes, what should be its name.
After that you are asked if overwriting existing maps in the target location and mapset should be allowed.
The next prompt asks you to select one of two windows:
Please select one of the following options 1. Use the current window in the target location 2. Determine the smallest window which covers the image >
If you choose option 2, you can also specify a desired target resolution.
i.photo.rectify will only rectify that portion of the image that occurs within the chosen window. Only that portion will be relocated in the target database. It is therefore important to check the current window in the target LOCATION if choice number one is selected.
Next you are asked to select an interpolation method.
Please select one of the following interpolation methods 1. nearest neighbor 2. bilinear 3. bicubic 4. bilinear with fallback 5. bicubic with fallback >
The last prompt will ask you about the amount of memory to be used by i.photo.rectify.
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