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Note: This document is for an older version of GRASS GIS that will be discontinued soon. You should upgrade, and read the current manual page.


r.shade - Drapes a color raster over an shaded relief or aspect map.


raster, elevation, relief, hillshade, visualization


r.shade --help
r.shade [-c] shade=name color=name output=name [brighten=integer] [bgcolor=name] [--overwrite] [--help] [--verbose] [--quiet] [--ui]


Use colors from color tables for NULL values
Allow output files to overwrite existing files
Print usage summary
Verbose module output
Quiet module output
Force launching GUI dialog


shade=name [required]
Name of shaded relief or aspect raster map
color=name [required]
Name of raster to drape over relief raster map
Typically, this raster is elevation or other colorful raster
output=name [required]
Name of shaded raster map
Percent to brighten
Options: -99-99
Default: 0
Color to use instead of NULL values
Either a standard color name, R:G:B triplet, or "none"

Table of contents


r.shade will drape a color raster map over a shaded relief map. In place of shaded relief, any raster map can be used including aspect or slope. The color raster map is usually an elevation raster map with colorful color table (as opposed to gray scale color table). However, any raster map can be used including categorical raster maps. The result is a raster map created from elevation and the shade raster.

Comparing to creating shaded relief as semi-transparent overlay on the color raster map, this module gives result with more saturated colors.

The input for this module can be created for example using r.slope.aspect or r.relief.

NULL values are propagated by default, so if any of the two input rasters contains NULL cell NULL will be also in the output. If -c flag is used and cell in color raster is NULL, just shade color is used. If cell in shade raster is NULL, shading effect is not applied and original colors are used. If bgcolor option is used, NULL value in any input raster will be in the output replaced by the given color.


Refer to the r.his help page for more details; r.shade is a frontend to that module with addition of brightness support similar to one provided by d.shade. However, note that the brightness is not implemenented in the same way as for d.shade and the results might be different. r.shade is using method described in r.his manual page.


In this example, the aspect map in the North Carolina sample dataset location is used to hillshade the elevation map:
g.region raster=aspect -p
r.shade shade=aspect color=elevation output=elevation_aspect_shaded

d.mon wx0
d.rast elevation_aspect_shaded
In this next example, a shaded relief raster map is created and used to create a colorized hillshade raster map for later use:
g.region raster=elevation
r.relief input=elevation output=elevation_shaded_relief

r.shade shade=elevation_shaded_relief color=elevation \

d.mon wx1
d.rast elevation_relief_shaded
Interesting visualizations can be created using different color tables for elevation raster map, for example using haxby color table.
Elevation with shaded relief (hillshade)

Figure: A detail of raster created by applying shading effect of shaded relief (hillshade) to elevation raster map from North Carolina dataset elevation map


r.his, d.his, d.shade, g.pnmcomp, r.slope.aspect, r.relief


Hamish Bowman
Vaclav Petras, NCSU OSGeoREL
Inspired by d.shade and manual for r.his.


Available at: r.shade source code (history)

Latest change: Thursday Feb 03 11:10:06 2022 in commit: 547ff44e6aecfb4c9cbf6a4717fc14e521bec0be

Note: This document is for an older version of GRASS GIS that will be discontinued soon. You should upgrade, and read the current manual page.

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