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NAME - Detect the position of the potential hydropower plants that can produce the highest possible power



SYNOPSIS --help [-dc] elevation=name discharge=name river=name len_plant=float len_min=float distance=float [p_max=float] p_min=float output_plant=name [output_point=name] efficiency=float [--overwrite] [--help] [--verbose] [--quiet] [--ui]


Debug with intermediate maps
Clean vector lines
Allow output files to overwrite existing files
Print usage summary
Verbose module output
Quiet module output
Force launching GUI dialog


elevation=name [required]
Name of input elevation raster map
discharge=name [required]
Name of river discharge [m^3/s]
Name of input raster map
river=name [required]
Name of vector map with interested segments of rivers
Or data source for direct OGR access
len_plant=float [required]
Maximum length of the plant [m]
Default: 10000
len_min=float [required]
Minimum length of the plant [m]
Default: 10
distance=float [required]
Minimum distance among plants [m]
Default: 0.5
Maximum mean power [kW]
p_min=float [required]
Minimum mean power [kW]
Default: 10.0
output_plant=name [required]
Name of output vector map with potential power for each river segment [kW]
Name for output vector map
Name of output vector map with potential power intakes and restitution [kW]
Name for output vector map
efficiency=float [required]
Efficiency [-]
Default: 1

Table of contents

DESCRIPTION detects the position of the potential hydropower plants that can produce the highest possible power. Deciding the range of plant length and the distance between plants, the module returns two vector maps with the segments of rivers exploited by the potential plants and with the intakes and restitution of these plants. The module computes the potential plants in order to maximize the power that can be produced.


The three input files are the rivers considered (vector), the discharge for each point of this river (raster) and the elevation raster map to calculate the gross head.

The power is defined as:
P=η * ρ * g * Q * Δh
where η is the efficiency of the plant
ρ the density of water (1000 kg/m3)
g the gravity term (9,81 m/s2)
Q the discharge of the river
Δh the gross head of the considered segment

The module maximizes the power over a given range by a brute-force search in order to examine all possible arrangements of Q and Δh. Thus, the potential segments can be shorter than the maximum plant length chosen because it depends on the maximization of the product Q * Δh.

For each potential segment, the potential power is given in kW in attribute.


This example is based on the case-study of Gesso and Vermenagna valleys in the Natural Park of the Maritime Alps, Piedmont, Italy.

Here is the vector file availablestreams of the interested streams in which we want to compute the potential hydropower plants. The river segments already exploited by an existing plant do not appear in the file.
Input vector map availablestreams

The following command computes the potential plants for a plant length range from 10 to 800 m and a distance between plants of 800 m :
d.vect map= potentialpoints color=red
d.vect map= potentialplants color=blue

The output vector maps are shown in the following picture which gathers the potential segments vector map (potentialplants, in blue) and the potential intakes and restitution vector map (potentialpoints, in red)
Output vector maps potentialplants (in blue) and potentialpoints (in red)



Giulia Garegnani (Eurac Research, Bolzano, Italy), Manual written by Julie Gros.


Available at: source code (history)

Latest change: Monday Jan 30 19:52:26 2023 in commit: cac8d9d848299297977d1315b7e90cc3f7698730

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