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v.kcv - Randomly partition points into test/train sets.


vector, statistics


v.kcv help
v.kcv [-dq] input=name output=name k=integer column=string [--overwrite] [--verbose] [--quiet]


Use drand48()
Allow output files to overwrite existing files
Verbose module output
Quiet module output


Name of input vector map
Name for output vector map
Number of partitions
Options: 1-32767
Name for new column to which partition number is written
Default: part


v.kcv randomly divides a points lists into k sets of test/train data (for k-fold cross validation). Test partitions are mutually exclusive. That is, a point will appear in only one test partition and k-1 training partitions. The module generates a random point using the selected random number generator and then finds the closest point to it. This site is removed from the candidate list (meaning that it will not be selected for any other test set) and saved in the first test partition file. This is repeated until enough points have been selected for the test partition. The number of points chosen for test partitions depends upon the number of sites available and the number of partitions chosen (this number is made as consistent as possible while ensuring that all sites will be chosen for testing). This process of filling up a test partition is done k times.


An ideal random sites generator will follow a Poisson distribution and will only be as random as the original sites. This module simply divides vector points up in a random manner.

Be warned that random number generation occurs over the intervals defined by the current region of the map.

This program may not work properly with Lat-long data.


All examples are based on the North Carolina sample dataset.
g.copy vect=geonames_wake,my_geonames_wake
v.kcv input=my_geonames_wake output=my_geonames_wake_kvc column=part k=10

g.copy vect=geodetic_pts,my_geodetic_pts
v.kcv input=my_geodetic_pts output=my_geodetic_pts_kvc column=part k=10


v.random, g.region


James Darrell McCauley,
when he was at: Agricultural Engineering Purdue University

27 Jan 1994: fixed RAND_MAX for Solaris 2.3
13 Sep 2000: released under GPL
Updated to 5.7 Radim Blazek 10 / 2004
OGR support by Martin Landa (2009)
Speed-up by Jan Vandrol and Jan Ruzicka (2013)

Last changed: $Date: 2014-05-01 13:00:52 -0700 (Thu, 01 May 2014) $

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