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NAME
v.to.points  Create points along input lines in new vector with 2 layers.
KEYWORDS
vector, geometry
SYNOPSIS
v.to.points
v.to.points help
v.to.points [nvit] input=name output=name [type=string[,string,...]] [llayer=integer] [dmax=float] [overwrite] [verbose] [quiet]
Flags:
 n
 Write line nodes
 v
 Write line vertices
 i
 Interpolate points between line vertices
 t
 Do not create attribute table
 overwrite
 Allow output files to overwrite existing files
 verbose
 Verbose module output
 quiet
 Quiet module output
Parameters:
 input=name
 Input vector map containing lines
 output=name
 Output vector map where points will be written
 type=string[,string,...]
 Feature type
 Options: point,line,boundary,centroid,area
 Default: point,line,boundary,centroid
 llayer=integer
 Layer number
 Line layer
 Default: 1
 dmax=float
 Maximum distance between points in map units
 Default: 100
DESCRIPTION
v.to.points creates points along input lines. The output is a vector with 2 layers.
Layer 1 holds the category and attributes of the input lines; all points created along the
same line have the same category, equal to the category of that line. In layer 2 each point
has it's unique category; other attributes stored in layer 2 are lcat  the
category of the input line and along  the distance from line's start.
NOTES
The dmax parameter is the maximum limit but not an exact
distance. To place points with exact distance from the beginning
of the vector line the user should use
v.segment.
The type parameter is used to control which input vector
geometry types to convert into points.
Some caveats to consider about this parameter:

Points and centroids can be considered as "lines" with only one
node. Consequently, the result of selecting point or
centroid as the type parameter is that all points/centroids
get written into the output vector. The original category numbers of
the input points/centroids get written to the 'lcat'
attribute in layer 2 of the output vector. All values for
along are zero in the output vector, as only point geometry
was used for input (there is no linear distance to calculate
along, as each point/centroid is the start and
end of its own "line".

Boundaries are treated as lines, with points getting interpolated
along the boundary perimeter according to dmax. If two
adjoining polygons share a topological boundary, the boundary only
gets converted to points once.

If the type parameter is set to area, the boundary of
each area is converted to points regardless of whether or not
there is a topological boundary between adjacent areas. In other
words, the common boundary of two adjoining areas, for example, gets
converted to points twice. The centroid is not converted to a point in
the output vector for type=area.
The v flag is used to digitize points that fall on the line's vertices only.
dmax is ignored in this case.
If the i flag is used in conjunction with the v flag,
v.to.points will digitize points on the line vertices, as
well as interpolate points between line vertices using dmax
as the maximum allowable spacing.
To get points created for the beginning, middle and end only, use
the i switch and set dmax so that:
(length of input line / 2) <= dmax <= length of input line
So if dmax is between 0.5x and 1.0x the line length, you
will always get points created at exactly the beginning, middle and
end of the input line.
EXAMPLE
In this example, the 't_powerlines' vector lines map in the
Spearfish 6
location is used to create points along the input lines:
v.to.points in=t_powerlines out=t_powerlines_points dmax=120
d.vect t_powerlines_points
SEE ALSO
v.segment,
v.split,
v.to.rast,
v.to.db
AUTHOR
Radim Blazek
Last changed: $Date: 20140310 10:03:37 0700 (Mon, 10 Mar 2014) $
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