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v.patch - Creates a new vector map by combining other vector maps.


vector, geometry, level1


v.patch --help
v.patch [-nzeab] input=name[,name,...] output=name [bbox=name] [--overwrite] [--help] [--verbose] [--quiet] [--ui]


Do not expect input with topology
Applicable when input is points without topology
Expect z coordinate even when not using topology
Applicable when input is points with z coordinate but without topology
Copy also attribute table
Only the table of layer 1 is currently supported
Append files to existing file (overwriting existing files must be activated)
Do not build topology
Advantageous when handling a large number of points
Allow output files to overwrite existing files
Print usage summary
Verbose module output
Quiet module output
Force launching GUI dialog


input=name[,name,...] [required]
Name of input vector map(s)
Or data source(s) for direct OGR access
output=name [required]
Name for output vector map
Name for output vector map where bounding boxes of input vector maps are written to

Table of contents


v.patch allows the user to combine any number of vector maps together to create one composite vector map. If the table structures are identical, attributes are transferred to the new table.


Any vectors that are duplicated among the maps being patched together (e.g., border lines) will have to be edited or removed after v.patch is run. Such editing can be done automatically using v.clean.

Lines may need to be snapped with v.clean tool=snap,break,rmdupl.

Boundaries may need to be cleaned with v.clean tool=break,rmdupl,rmsa repeatedly until the rmsa tool (Remove small angles at nodes) no longer modifies any boundaries. If vector topology is still not clean, boundaries may also need to be snapped with v.clean tool=snap,break,rmdupl.

When using the -e flag, v.patch shifts category (cat) values in the output so that category numbers from the different input maps do not overlap. This shift is applied to both the category values of the features and the category values in the attribute tables. Hence, there is no need to run v.category and v.db.update beforehand.

When using the -a flag, the user has to make sure that the features in the different maps added to the output map do not have overlapping category numbers, unless identical category numbers reflect identical attributes, otherwise the attributes of the added maps are lost. To avoid this, the user can use v.category option=sum to change category values of some of the maps before patching.


Patch together two maps with mixed feature types:
   v.patch input=geology,streams out=geol_streams

Append one map to another:
   g.copy vect=roads,transport
   v.patch -a input=railroads output=transport --overwrite


v.clean,,, v.overlay


Dave Gerdes, U.S.Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratory
Radim Blazek, ITC-Irst, Trento, Italy


Available at: v.patch source code (history)

Latest change: Monday Feb 27 13:45:25 2023 in commit: a82501dc85294207e8e58437c3ec7f1056465ed4

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