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Note: This document is for an older version of GRASS GIS that will be discontinued soon. You should upgrade, and read the current manual page.


r.clump - Recategorizes data in a raster map by grouping cells that form physically discrete areas into unique categories.


raster, statistics, reclass, clumps


r.clump --help
r.clump [-dg] input=name[,name,...] [output=name] [title=string] [threshold=float] [minsize=integer] [--overwrite] [--help] [--verbose] [--quiet] [--ui]


Clump also diagonal cells
Clumps are also traced along diagonal neighboring cells
Print only the number of clumps in shell script style
Allow output files to overwrite existing files
Print usage summary
Verbose module output
Quiet module output
Force launching GUI dialog


input=name[,name,...] [required]
Name of input raster map(s)
Name for output raster map
Title for output raster map
Threshold to identify similar cells
Valid range: 0 = identical to < 1 = maximal difference
Default: 0
Minimum clump size in cells
Clumps smaller than minsize will be merged to form larger clumps
Default: 1

Table of contents


r.clump finds all areas of contiguous cell category values (connected components) in the input raster map. NULL values in the input are ignored. It assigns a unique category value to each such area ("clump") in the resulting output raster map.

Category distinctions in the input raster map are preserved. This means that if distinct category values are adjacent, they will NOT be clumped together. The user can run r.reclass prior to r.clump to recategorize cells and reassign cell category values.

r.clump can also perform "fuzzy" clumping where neighboring cells that are not identical but similar to each other are clumped together. Here, the spectral distance between two cells is scaled to the range [0, 1] and compared to the threshold value. Cells are clumped together if their spectral distance is ≤ threshold. The result is very sensitive to this threshold value, a recommended start value is 0.01, then increasing or decreasing this value according to the desired output. Once a suitable threshold has been determined, noise can be reduced by merging small clumps with the minsize option.

r.clump can also use multiple raster maps of any kind (CELL, FCELL, DCELL) as input. In this case, the spectral distance between cells is used to determine the similarity of two cells. This means that input maps must be metric: the difference cell 1 - cell 2 must make sense. Categorical maps, e.g. land cover, can not be used in this case. Examples for valid input maps are satellite imagery, vegetation indices, elevation, climatic parameters etc.


By default, the resulting clumps are connected only by their four direct neighbors (left, right, top, bottom). The -d flag activates also diagonal clump tracing.

r.clump works properly with raster map that contains only "fat" areas (more than a single cell in width). Linear elements (lines that are a single cell wide) may or may not be clumped together depending on the direction of the line - horizontal and vertical lines of cells are considered to be contiguous, but diagonal lines of cells are not considered to be contiguous and are broken up into separate clumps unless the -d flag is used.

A random color table and other support files are generated for the output raster map.


Clumping of a raster map

Perform clumping on "lakes" map (North Carolina sample dataset) and report area sizes for each lake individually rather by waterbody type:
g.region raster=lakes -p

# report sizes by waterbody type lakes units=h

# clump per raster polygon
r.clump lakes out=lakes_individual

# report sizes by individual waterbody lakes_individual units=h
r.clump lake clumping example
Figure: Clumping of rasterized lakes: original lakes map (left) and clumped lakes map (right)

Fuzzy clumping on Landsat bands

Perform fuzzy clumping on Landsat 7 2002 imagery (North Carolina sample dataset)
g.region raster=lsat7_2002_10 -p
r.clump in=lsat7_2002_10,lsat7_2002_20,lsat7_2002_30,lsat7_2002_40,lsat7_2002_50,lsat7_2002_70 \
        out=lsat7_2002_clump threshold=0.045

# reduce noise
r.clump in=lsat7_2002_10,lsat7_2002_20,lsat7_2002_30,lsat7_2002_40,lsat7_2002_50,lsat7_2002_70 \
        out=lsat7_2002_clump_min10 threshold=0.045 minsize=10
r.clump example Landsat fuzzy clumping
Figure: Fuzzy clumping on Landsat bands: original RGB composite (left), fuzzy clumped map (middle), and fuzzy clumped with minsize map (right)


r.average, r.buffer, r.distance, r.grow, r.mapcalc, r.mfilter, r.neighbors,, r.reclass, r.statistics,


Michael Shapiro, U.S. Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratory
Markus Metz (diagonal clump tracing, fuzzy clumping)


Available at: r.clump source code (history)

Latest change: Friday Jan 22 21:28:36 2021 in commit: d494dddc784a07e5f786667d94fef1d39196f68f

Note: This document is for an older version of GRASS GIS that will be discontinued soon. You should upgrade, and read the current manual page.

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