GRASS GIS 7 Programmer's Manual  7.7.svn(2018)-r73378
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kdtree.c File Reference

binary search tree More...

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <math.h>
#include <grass/gis.h>
#include <grass/glocale.h>
#include "kdtree.h"
Include dependency graph for kdtree.c:

Go to the source code of this file.

Macros

#define MAX(a, b)   ((a) > (b) ? (a) : (b))
 
#define KD_BTOL   7
 

Functions

struct kdtreekdtree_create (char ndims, int *btol)
 
void kdtree_clear (struct kdtree *t)
 
void kdtree_destroy (struct kdtree *t)
 
int kdtree_insert (struct kdtree *t, double *c, int uid, int dc)
 
int kdtree_remove (struct kdtree *t, double *c, int uid)
 
void kdtree_optimize (struct kdtree *t, int level)
 
int kdtree_knn (struct kdtree *t, double *c, int *uid, double *d, int k, int *skip)
 
int kdtree_dnn (struct kdtree *t, double *c, int **puid, double **pd, double maxdist, int *skip)
 
int kdtree_rnn (struct kdtree *t, double *c, int **puid, int *skip)
 
int kdtree_init_trav (struct kdtrav *trav, struct kdtree *tree)
 
int kdtree_traverse (struct kdtrav *trav, double *c, int *uid)
 

Detailed Description

binary search tree

Dynamic balanced k-d tree implementation

(C) 2014 by the GRASS Development Team

This program is free software under the GNU General Public License (>=v2). Read the file COPYING that comes with GRASS for details.

Author
Markus Metz

Definition in file kdtree.c.

Macro Definition Documentation

#define KD_BTOL   7

Definition at line 28 of file kdtree.c.

Referenced by kdtree_create().

#define MAX (   a,
  b 
)    ((a) > (b) ? (a) : (b))

Definition at line 26 of file kdtree.c.

Referenced by kdtree_optimize(), and MT_region_data().

Function Documentation

void kdtree_clear ( struct kdtree t)

clear a tree, removing all entries

Definition at line 143 of file kdtree.c.

References kdnode::child, NULL, and kdtree::root.

Referenced by kdtree_destroy().

struct kdtree* kdtree_create ( char  ndims,
int btol 
)

creae a new k-d tree

Parameters
ndimsnumber of dimensions
btoloptional balancing tolerance

Definition at line 115 of file kdtree.c.

References kdtree::btol, kdtree::count, kdtree::csize, KD_BTOL, kdtree::ndims, kdtree::nextdim, NULL, kdtree::root, and t.

void kdtree_destroy ( struct kdtree t)

destroy a tree

Definition at line 171 of file kdtree.c.

References G_free(), kdtree_clear(), kdtree::nextdim, and NULL.

int kdtree_dnn ( struct kdtree t,
double *  c,
int **  puid,
double **  pd,
double  maxdist,
int skip 
)

find all nearest neighbors within distance aka radius search results are stored in puid (uids) and pd (squared distances) memory is allocated as needed, the calling fn must free the memory optionally an uid to be skipped can be given

Parameters
tk-d tree
ccoordinates
puidunique ids of the neighbors
pdsquared distances to the neighbors
maxdistradius to search around the given coordinates
skipunique id to skip

Definition at line 629 of file kdtree.c.

References kdnode::c, kdnode::dim, G_fatal_error(), int, kdtree::ndims, NULL, kdtree::root, and kdnode::uid.

int kdtree_init_trav ( struct kdtrav trav,
struct kdtree tree 
)

initialize tree traversal (re-)sets trav structure returns 0

Definition at line 840 of file kdtree.c.

References kdtrav::curr_node, kdtrav::first, kdtree::root, kdtrav::top, and kdtrav::tree.

int kdtree_insert ( struct kdtree t,
double *  c,
int  uid,
int  dc 
)

insert an item (coordinates c and uid) into the k-d tree

Parameters
tk-d tree
ccoordinates
uidthe point's unique id
dcallow duplicate coordinates

Definition at line 183 of file kdtree.c.

References kdnode::c, count, kdtree::count, kdtree::csize, kdtree::root, and kdnode::uid.

int kdtree_knn ( struct kdtree t,
double *  c,
int uid,
double *  d,
int  k,
int skip 
)

find k nearest neighbors results are stored in uid (uids) and d (squared distances) optionally an uid to be skipped can be given useful when searching for the nearest neighbors of an item that is also in the tree

Parameters
tk-d tree
ccoordinates
uidunique ids of the neighbors
dsquared distances to the neighbors
knumber of neighbors to find
skipunique id to skip

Definition at line 506 of file kdtree.c.

References kdnode::c, kdnode::dim, G_fatal_error(), int, kdtree::ndims, kdtree::root, and kdnode::uid.

void kdtree_optimize ( struct kdtree t,
int  level 
)

k-d tree optimization, only useful if the tree will be heavily used (more searches than items in the tree) level 0 = a bit, 1 = more, 2 = a lot

Parameters
tk-d tree
leveloptimization level

Definition at line 336 of file kdtree.c.

References kdnode::child, kdtree::count, kdnode::depth, G_debug(), MAX, and kdtree::root.

int kdtree_remove ( struct kdtree t,
double *  c,
int  uid 
)

remove an item from the k-d tree coordinates c and uid must match

Parameters
tk-d tree
ccoordinates
uidthe point's unique id

Definition at line 206 of file kdtree.c.

References kdnode::balance, kdnode::c, kdnode::child, kdnode::depth, kdnode::dim, G_warning(), NULL, r, kdtree::root, and kdnode::uid.

int kdtree_rnn ( struct kdtree t,
double *  c,
int **  puid,
int skip 
)

find all nearest neighbors within range aka box search the range is specified with min and max for each dimension as (min1, min2, ..., minn, max1, max2, ..., maxn) results are stored in puid (uids) and pd (squared distances) memory is allocated as needed, the calling fn must free the memory optionally an uid to be skipped can be given

Parameters
tk-d tree
ccoordinates for range
puidunique ids of the neighbors
skipunique id to skip

Definition at line 744 of file kdtree.c.

References kdnode::c, kdnode::dim, int, kdtree::ndims, NULL, kdtree::root, and kdnode::uid.

int kdtree_traverse ( struct kdtrav trav,
double *  c,
int uid 
)

traverse the tree useful to get all items in the tree non-recursively struct kdtrav *trav needs to be initialized first returns 1, 0 when finished

Definition at line 855 of file kdtree.c.

References kdtrav::curr_node, kdtrav::first, G_debug(), and NULL.